Fall 2017

The War of 1812, or the second war for American independence as some indicate, was not as highly regarded in Great Britain as it was in the United States. Britain was embroiled in the Napoleonic War with France thus commanding a naval blockade of any country from trading with France, including the United States. These trade restrictions forced Britain to impress American merchant sailors to serve on their ships in order to en- force the blockade. In addition to that, the British supported and reinforced Native American raids upon American settlers in the Northwest Territo- ry, land that today encompasses Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio, thus preventing American expansion. British agents supplied war materials used against so-called “land hungry frontiersmen.” On June 1, 1812, President James Madison asked Congress to declare war against Great Britain. Congress formalized the declaration of war on June 18, 1812. Coming to the defense of our fledgling na- tion, patriots from every corner responded to the call to arms. After a series of battles in the mid-Atlantic states, the inexperienced mili- tia continued to fall to veteran British troops, paving the way to Washington and their burn- ing of the Executive Mansion (today’s White Thoughts on by SKI SCHANHER “O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight, O’er the ramparts we watch’d, were so gallantly streaming? And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there; O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?” Star-Spangled Banner PATRIOTISM: 14 | OCT - NOV - DEC 2017 ON A MISSION women-on-a-mission.com